Irrigation is the process by which water is supplied to crops by use of channels or diverting water sources such as streams so as to keep the plants healthy. Irrigation is becoming more important as the climate changes and temperatures soar higher every year. If you have a knack for all things green , the lack of adequate rainfall can be very frustrating and that is where irrigation comes in handy. There are different options available when it comes to irrigating large areas.
This is one of the oldest irrigation methods known to man. In the past it involved planting crops in a field and then flooding this area with water. It was very simple but not the most efficient. In modern times the flood irrigation system has been made more efficient by adding furrows. These are plastic pipes that are placed at precise angles to ensure uniform water supply to all the plants. The pipes have gates in them to regulate the flow of water. Another method of flood irrigation is by use of a gradual slope and directing water from the highest point to the lowest to ensure a uniform distribution of water.
This is also known as low volume irrigation. It involves the use of small portions of water at low rates from a system. It is mostly used in orchards and vineyards and this system is installed at the base of the trees. This method is favored as little to no water is lost through evaporation. Due to the small quantities of water being released the soil absorbs and holds all the water for the plants. It is highly efficient.
The most popular irrigation method so far, it involves the use of pipes to distribute water and is similar to rainfall. It is highly efficient and tries to give plants just the right amount of water needed for them to flourish. It eliminates the need for having a method to convey the water to the plants and thus reduces water loss. It is also suitable for large and small areas and soluble fertilizers can be easily transferred to the plants using this method. It is also great for the soil as it causes minimal disturbance during installation and this protects the soil from erosion. It can be used on almost all types of soils except heavy clay soil.
This type of irrigation share similarities with micro irrigation as it uses low volumes of water to get to the plants. This one is used mostly for crops like corn or vegetables in a green house. It involves the use of emitter tubing which distributes the water to the plants. The tubes are placed a few inches apart and the system could be above ground or be buried beneath it.
Figuring out what irrigation method is the most efficient for your area might require special consultation. This ensures investment in the most efficient irrigation system to suit the consumers’ needs. For advice on these matters you can visit gcirrigation.com.au